Charter Schools Are Public Schools, Should Be State-Funded, Louisiana Supreme Court Rules in Case That Threatened 18,000 Students
Louisiana’s highest state court has affirmed that charter schools are public schools and deserving of funding through the state formula, ending a lawsuit that threatened the existence of 34 charter schools serving more than 18,000 students.
In a 5–2 decision, the justices closed a case that dates back to 2014, with a suit by one of the state’s two major teachers unions, the Louisiana Association of Educators, and a suit by a local school board that had a charter school approved for its district. At issue was whether Type 2 charter schools, which are authorized by a statewide body instead of a local school board, fit the state’s definition of public schools, and whether they could receive funding as part of the state’s formula.
“This is big for us, and I’m hopeful that after 20-something years [of charter schools in Louisiana], we can stop talking about whether they’re public or not, and we can stop talking about whether they should be funded,” Caroline Roemer, executive director of the Louisiana Association of Public Charter Schools, told The 74.
In the March 13 ruling, Justice James Genovese wrote, “Because there is a presumption that the legislature acts within its constitutional authority, we must construe legislative instruments so as to uphold constitutionality when it is reasonable to do so.” Later, he deferred to the legislature, writing, “While there is no definition of public elementary and secondary schools in the constitution, our legislature has expressed that charter schools are independent public schools.”
Louisiana’s per-pupil funding comes from state and local sources. When a student chooses to attend a Type 2 charter school instead of a traditional public school, the state gives the school board proportionally less funding and directs the difference to the charter school.
A district court found in 2015 that charter schools are public under the state constitution and eligible to receive per-pupil funding under the current state formula, but the 1st Circuit Court of Appeal reversed the decision in 2017, ruling that the funding distributed under the formula should be only for schools under the control of local school boards.
The Supreme Court’s decision, expected to be the final say, was being watched by charter supporters nationally.
Renita Thukral serves as the senior national legal adviser for the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, which provided support to the Louisiana charter association. Thukral grew up in New Orleans and worked in Louisiana for three years. She followed the case closely and believes the outcome echoes similar findings in Mississippi and Washington state that recently upheld charters as public schools.
“I absolutely think this Louisiana Supreme Court decision will reverberate positively around the country,” Thukral said. “Opponents will take note, and we hope they are deterred from making similarly frivolous, losing claims.”
Debbie Meaux, president of the Louisiana Association of Educators, sees the decision as hurting traditional public schools.
“When you’re trying to fund two separate school systems out of the same pot of money, it opens up a lot of acrimony, because school districts are seeing their local money being charged against them so charter schools can benefit while their schools are not benefiting,” she told The 74.
As an example, Meaux said, “It doesn’t make any sense to me that if I go out and work, that I’m going to pay my neighbor’s rent.”
Meaux offered that one potential solution could be to give taxing authority to the statewide body that approves Type 2 charter schools, the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education.
There are now 41 Type 2 schools, and a different ruling would have adversely affected 34 of them (with seven others, known as Legacy Type 2s, having slightly different funding), according to the Louisiana charter association. There were 148 charter schools, of all types, open at the start of the 2017–18 school year, including 30 that started with local school board approval (Type 1) and 46 that started with state board authorization in the Recovery School District.
If the Supreme Court had ruled that charters were not public or were ineligible for money from the state funding formula, charter school advocates would have needed to ask the legislature to appropriate around $80 million to $100 million beginning July 1, the start of the new fiscal year. The state is already facing a more than $700 million shortfall for next year’s budget.
The day after the verdict, Roemer, of the Louisiana charter association, was back in the legislature, preparing for what she says will inevitably be another attempt to limit charter schools. But for now, Roemer, who has a 9-year-old son, said she is just relieved that a case that has existed for nearly half his life has been resolved.
“When I picked him up from school [the day of the ruling],” Roemer said, “the first thing he said was, ‘Did we win?’ ”
“We won, baby.”
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