The Swing Issues in the Pivotal L.A. School Board Race: Parents Use Candidate Forums to Talk Safety & Quality Teaching as Students Emphasize College Preparedness
Parents, students, and community members were able to question the candidates running for L.A. Unified school board in District 5 at two separate forums last week, one led by parents and the second by students.
High school students wanted their new representative to make sure they are better prepared for college, while parents’ top priorities were teaching quality, school safety, and support for English learners and students receiving special education services.
At Two Forums for LAUSD Board Candidates, Students Focus on College Preparation, While Parents Want High-Quality Teachers and Safe Schools
The March 5 special election will fill the seat that has been vacant for seven months, since Ref Rodriguez resigned after pleading guilty to political money laundering charges.
• Read more from LA School Report: Meet the 10 candidates running for LAUSD school board in District 5
On Saturday, about 150 people, many of them high school students, gathered at South Gate High School in southeast Los Angeles to hear how the candidates plan to address college readiness, diversity and inclusion, mental health services, and restorative justice.
“We’re not supporting any candidates right now. This is about getting people engaged because there should be a higher voter turnout when it’s about students,” said Noemí Delgado, a member of the student panel.
“Voters have to listen to the youth, listen to the children, to the students, because unfortunately students can’t vote. Even though these are issues that are going to affect students, they are not going to be able to have a say in it, so we are really counting on the adults to listen to us and to make a decision that best represents and that best benefits students,” said Delgado, who attends East Los Angeles College and is a member of Latino Equality Alliance. She graduated from L.A. Unified’s Maywood Academy High School.
About 100 parents and community members turned out for Wednesday’s forum at Eagle Rock Elementary despite a rainstorm. Both forums were hosted by United Way of Greater Los Angeles and Alliance for a Better Community and drew nine candidates each. City of Bell Councilman Nestor Enrique Valencia was absent Wednesday, and Rocío Rivas was absent Saturday.
The candidates vowed to elevate parent voices at the school board. Their ideas included meeting with parents after school hours, creating their own parent committees, and giving all parents, including those who are undocumented, the right to vote like San Francisco Unified has done.
On Saturday, a four-student panel asked questions, giving candidates a minute to respond. The students also took questions from the audience for the candidates. Students at the forum came from different parts of the district, and many of them were part of United Way’s Young Civic Leaders program.
Board District 5 covers two distinct areas: Two-thirds of its students are in the southeast L.A. section, which is overwhelmingly Latino and low-income and includes cities such as Huntington Park, Maywood, Cudahy, Bell, and South Gate. It also covers the northeast’s more affluent areas of Los Feliz, Silver Lake, Echo Park, and Eagle Rock.
The parent panel asked all questions in Spanish, with an English translation on the back screen. Of the nine, four candidates — Ana Cubas, Graciela Ortíz, Cynthia González, and Salvador “Chamba” Sánchez — responded to all the questions in Spanish. David Valdez, Rocío Rivas, and Heather Repenning answered some of the questions in Spanish. Jackie Goldberg and Allison Greenwood Bajracharya responded in English but made some brief remarks in Spanish.
Alliance for a Better Community on Wednesday night released the results of a survey of BD5 constituents about their educational priorities. Questions to the candidates were based on the survey’s results. One of the top three most important characteristics respondents said they were looking for in a board member is that he or she speaks Spanish. Of those who participated in the survey, 90 percent said their board member should have “a professional background in education.”
Among the nearly 500 constituents from 30 schools across BD5 who responded to the survey and participated in parent focus groups, 84 percent said it is important to have a board member who is Spanish-speaking, but only 48 percent thought that person has to be Latino/a or have a Latino background.
The survey’s data also show that 86 percent of respondents ranked teaching quality as their top priority, tied with having safe and welcoming schools. A majority also said that English learners and students who receive special education are the least “adequately supported” students in the district.
Rodrigo Guerrero, a panel member and parent of a student at Hooper Elementary in South Central, asked the nine candidates how they will address teacher quality, particularly for high-needs schools.
Sánchez, a Los Angeles City College professor and community activist, said there’s no doubt that “poor communities have the worst teachers” and that it is the job of the board member to “act with integrity and make difficult decisions” around this issue.
Bajracharya, a BD5 parent and a former Camino Nuevo Charter Academy executive, referred to a new Partnership for Los Angeles Schools report released last week showing that students in the highest-need schools are five times as likely to have “must-place” teachers — tenured teachers who are currently not working because they have not been hired at a specific school site.
“That’s unacceptable,” Bajracharya said. “We have to stop this practice, [this] trend where our must-place teachers are placed at our lower-performing schools. We have to give our principals and our parents more decision-making power in hiring quality teachers.”
L.A. Unified schools looking to fill vacancies are required to hire first from what’s known as the “must-place” list. These are teachers who have lost or stepped away from their positions at one school but have not been hired at another. In June, the board unanimously passed a resolution that exempts the principals of the lowest-performing schools from having to hire off the must-place list. At Tuesday’s school board meeting, a resolution was defeated that would have extended this hiring freedom to all schools.
Goldberg, a former board member, responded that part of the problem is that new teachers are not attracted to the job because “we’re paying teachers too low of a salary.”
“We need to raise teachers’ salary to attract more qualified people, and then the personnel division needs to send the most qualified, the best new people to the places where we need them the most, where they can build a career,” Goldberg said.
Valdez, a Los Angeles County arts commissioner, agreed that teachers should be paid more. “We do need to continue to increase teachers’ salaries, because it needs to match the cost of living in Los Angeles.” He also called on L.A. Unified to accelerate the pathway for new teachers to enter the profession by eliminating the current “bureaucratic” process.
González, a district high school principal who has been endorsed by the Los Angeles Times, said she would establish a teacher residency program so that new teachers will be better prepared to serve students at high-needs schools.
Ortíz, a Huntington Park councilwoman, said teachers should have the ability as stakeholders to make decisions by promoting “a positive school culture at the forefront.”
Repenning, a former L.A. City official and a BD5 parent, said she would create incentives for the best teachers in the district, “but not just teachers, also principals and other school support staff. We want to recruit and attract the really good people to the schools that have the greatest challenges.”
Cubas, an East Los Angeles College professor, agreed with Repenning that incentives for teachers can be a solution to what she called a “fundamental systemic issue” and said she would create “an equity incentive” and hold principals accountable.
Rivas called for “elevating the respect for the profession” and recruiting more teachers of color.
Students also asked about teachers’ effectiveness. Hussein Farhat, a senior at Bell High School and a member of United Way’s Young Civic Leaders Program, asked the candidates, “If elected, how will you ensure that all teachers in classroom environments are effective to all students regardless of their gender, ethnicity, and financial status?”
Ortíz responded that “lowering class sizes is key” so teachers can listen to their students’ needs, “making sure we’re listening to our students. It’s our job to guide students, but at the end of the day, we need to listen to you and you let us know what’s going on in your schools. As a board member, I want to make sure students have a voice at the board.”
González responded to the students’ questions by saying teachers need “more autonomy about their teaching so they get excited in what they teach.”
Magda Vargas, the mother of a student at Ellen Ochoa Learning Center in Cudahy, in the district’s southeast, asked the candidates Wednesday how they would reduce class sizes beyond what was negotiated in the new teachers contract, which lowers the size of classes by one student over each of the next three years. “That is not very much — what do you propose?” Vargas asked.
Valdez said he is in support of a moratorium on charter schools’ growth in L.A. Unified, which the school board last month voted to ask the state to impose, because he thinks that is a main reason district schools get less funding to hire more teachers, which would reduce class sizes. “It’s not to say that any of the schools that we currently have need to go away immediately, but we need to look at stopping the addition of additional campuses here at school grounds,” he said. The district also needs to add more teaching assistants, he said.
Repenning also said looking at teaching assistants would be a “less expensive” way to help in reducing class sizes.
González said she would give more control of the budget to each school so local leaders can use it toward reducing class sizes. “Not all schools have the same problem. I’d give flexibility to principals over their school budget.”
Goldberg responded that with “$200 million, we can have 2,000 teachers. The district has $200 million at least in reserves which we should be spending now.” She also said class sizes should be based on academics. “Students who are not reading at grade level should be in smaller classes than students that are reading at grade level. One size does not fit all.”
In LA Unified, 42 percent of students met reading standards last year.
Emily Carlin, a parent at Eagle Rock Elementary, said she attended Wednesday’s forum because she wanted to see which of the candidates had “a more dynamic presence, because I think that’s the kind of person we need to represent us at the board at this time because of how contentious things are right now.” One of her main concerns was class size.
A question coming from the parent audience on Wednesday was how the candidates would improve the lowest-performing schools — those in the bottom 5 percent of schools, as released by the state earlier this month.
L.A. Unified has 110 schools that require assistance; 56 of those are in the bottom 5 percent of schools in the district.
Repenning said she believes that the way to fix those schools is by letting parents, teachers, principals, and the school community bring the solutions. “They actually have the solution to what is going to work in their school. I want to empower them with resources and decision-making.” But Repenning also said a plan has to be in place for each of those schools. “We need to revisit that plan, whether it is monthly, in an open forum, in a way that allows us to set up benchmarks and hold ourselves accountable.”
Bajracharya said she would set up a three-year plan for each of those schools. “We need to make sure that families and students are engaged on how the plan is looking so everybody knows the direction we need to be moving.”
Cubas referred to the charter schools that are underperforming and said these “should be shut down, because they were given flexibility and autonomy for a lot of accountability, and if they’re not cutting it, then we shouldn’t help them.”
Goldberg pointed out that 80 percent of the underperforming schools are district schools and 20 percent are charters. “We have to change the conditions in which people are working. We need to raise the minimum wage to about $20 an hour because when the minimum wage goes up, academic achievement goes up in low-income neighborhoods.”
Another question from the audience was how each of the candidates will address the high cost of teacher pensions for the district, which is expected to drain its reserves by 2021.
The district spends $1.1 billion a year — about 15 percent of its budget — on health and welfare benefits. These benefits, along with pensions, are expected to consume half of L.A. Unified’s budget by 2031-32.
Bajracharya was the only candidate who acknowledged that.
“Currently, a combination of health care and pensions are getting about one-third of the district’s per-pupil funding, and that number will grow to 50 percent in the next 10 years, so I think we need to be working together collectively with every district in the state and the governor to address pension challenges,” Bajracharya said. She also said alternative health care plans should be considered for new teachers. “We need to make sure we have as many resources as possible going into the classrooms benefiting kids.”
Goldberg rejected the idea of cutting pensions categorically. “No, I won’t charge teachers more. No, I will not lower the pension, no, never! Why? Because those pensions were given instead of salary increases for many years. No, because a pension is what you reward a teacher for spending their life working with your children. This is a good thing, not a bad thing. What the problem is, is that we’re not taxing the wealth of the state. The key thing is that there are 150 billionaires living in California. Let’s tax their wealth. It’s time.”
González said she agreed with Goldberg on the issue. She said that the benefits package offered by L.A. Unified is one of the main reasons some teachers leave charters or private schools to work for the district.
Cubas was also in favor of the current pension system and said that instead, “We need to look at other parts of the budget that really need reform.” She mentioned several times that the cuts should be done to the cost of bureaucracy and the “administrative bloat.”
Repenning said she would support health care reform efforts. “I don’t see why only LAUSD should be providing a hundred percent of health care for seniors when we have the state and the federal government. They should be playing a part of that as well.”
Delgado asked the nine candidates on Saturday their plan to make sure high-need students have the right resources available to be eligible for college.
Raven Lawson, a senior at Los Angeles Center for Enriched Studies who attended Saturday’s forum, said even though she is not a student in BD5, she cares about this election because “I’m an LAUSD student, and ultimately they all [board members] are making decisions for our education. I want to make sure all of us [students] have the resources to be college-eligible,” she said.
Lawson thinks her college application process “could have been much easier” if her counselor had started the process earlier and students would get more information before applying.
“My counselor started the process in October. We had a new counselor and only one for 200-plus students, so having more people there to help me with that process, more resources with requesting financial aid, would have made the process for me a lot easier.”
“I want you guys to go to college,” Repenning said to all students in the audience. “In some ways, we have to rethink our entire system because one counselor for 500 kids is not enough,” she said. “We should be evaluating the success of LAUSD not on the basis of high school diplomas but on the basis of college diplomas that our kids are receiving.”
Bajracharya said she will look at the high school graduation requirements in L.A. Unified and “change them from a ‘D’ to a ‘C’ so all of our students can graduate eligible to apply to UC and CSU” — University of California and Cal State University schools.
Goldberg said she thinks “we wait too long” to start preparing students for college. “We need to start preparing kids for college in elementary school. We need to have more college counselors in high school, but we need to start having counselors in elementary schools as well to create an early college-going culture.”
González said some resources in schools need “realignment and prioritizing.” She said that “we need to make sure we’re training parents with college workshops and making sure we pay teachers to get professional development around college access.”
Students also questioned the candidates about how they would provide more mental health support to students and for restorative justice practices.
Michael Vuenagua, a high school senior at the Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools, said he wanted to hear how the candidates plan to address issues like mental health. He said that as a senior he experienced a lot of stress about this year’s responsibilities, and because he is going through tough personal issues, he felt he needed more support at school. He is 18 years old and is planning to vote in the election.
Valdez said he thinks that “restorative justice centers should be in all of the campuses, particularly at high school campuses.” He also said that “LCFF dollars [state funding] should go for more mental health counselors” at school campuses.
Some of the candidates took advantage of that question to speak about racism and addressing social issues faced by minority students.
“Before you can build restorative practices at your school, you need to deal with racism and prejudice,” González said. “People in our schools look at our brown and black students as criminals, then that’s the root of the problem,” she said. “We need anti-racist and anti-bias training and focus on building a strong community that sees each other with respect.”
Ortíz said she believes that what the school district needs is a “concise discipline policy” because of the behavioral problems among students — “a lot of them have to do with social issues that have never been addressed.” She also said that parents need to receive more support to help their students deal with discipline issues.
Valencia said that restorative justice “starts at home and goes into our schools. We need to educate our students and families through parent engagement about their rights. We need to use those rights.”
Cubas told the audience her goal is to “restore social justice and equity to our schools” as she called the district a “hypocritical” school system. “On the one hand, they need their daily average attendance, but on the other hand they’re criminalizing our students and kicking them out of the schools,” she said.
“I don’t want you to be treated like criminals in your schools,” Repenning told students in the audience. “I think that when you mess up, we need to wrap our arms around you and bring you back in.”
On Wednesday, the nine candidates vowed to give parents “real empowerment” and a “voice” at the school board.
“My real focus is to help parents advocate for their children,” Sánchez said. “Our parents have been abandoned. I want to give a real empowerment to the parents [and] use the power of this office to allow [undocumented] parents to vote like San Francisco [School District] is doing,” he added.
“Parent centers are the heart of every school. I will support parent centers, making sure parents have a voice. And also adapting our hours so they can have more participation,” Ortíz said.
Bajracharya said she would “have a monthly committee of parents coming together from all parts of the district to help in shaping policy.”
Cubas said she would create a parent council to meet with her regularly, and she would empower parents by creating a “parent university where they can learn English” and take citizenship classes.
“We need to empower them with knowledge,” Rivas said.
Michelle Gunn, the mother of a student at Eagle Rock Elementary, said she wished the candidates had more time to respond to the questions and go more into detail about their solutions. But she said it was helpful and that for her, it’s very important to participate in this election.
“What every parent in the district wants is that all students have access to high-quality education. No matter where we live, parents who believe in public education want the best school for their child. That’s why we’re here today.”
Get stories like these delivered straight to your inbox. Sign up for The 74 Newsletter