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How the Los Angeles School Board Teamed Up With Elon Musk to Field-Test a Child-Sized Submarine to Aid With the Thailand Cave Rescue

By Esmeralda Fabián Romero | July 13, 2018

Palisades Charter High School

This article was produced in partnership with LA School Report

Water levels were rising dangerously high and time was running out to rescue a team of soccer boys and their coach who had been trapped for two weeks in a Thailand cave.

Thousands of miles away in Los Angeles, Elon Musk, the famed founder of the SpaceX rocket company, and his crew were holed up at the company’s Hawthorne headquarters designing and building a mini-submarine escape pod.

News came last Saturday as they raced to finish the aluminum sub that the first four boys had been rescued. Nine people were still stranded, however, and a coming monsoon threatened to flood the narrow caves.

But one last thing was needed before the sub could be whisked off to Thailand: a pool big enough for a test.

Enter the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Nick Melvoin, vice president of the school board, was at a wedding in Oregon when he got a call from Musk’s chief of staff asking for help.

“It was 10:45 at night. He said the SpaceX engineers had just designed a mini-submarine that they wanted to send the next day to Thailand to help in the rescue, and they were looking for a pool,” Melvoin told LA School Report. “We went to high school together and he thought maybe our school’s pool may be available, and I said, I don’t know about that, but we have pools at your disposal in LA Unified, and we’d love to help.”

By 11:30, the two were on a group call with Melvoin staffer Allison Holdorff Polhill and Don Parcell, director of operations at Palisades Charter High School.

At midnight, Musk personally approved the underwater test at Pali, and by 12:30 a.m. Parcell met Holdorff Polhill at the pool. She had been board chair at the school before running against Melvoin in last year’s school board primary. She is now his senior adviser and director of community engagement. The Pacific Palisades high school is an independent charter school, meaning it is a public school and part of LA Unified but has its own board and functions under a contract, or “charter,” that governs all details of the school’s operation.

“The SpaceX team needed to move fast, and that’s what Pali can do because it’s independent,” Holdorff Polhill said. “They could make those decisions without the burden of the bureaucracy. But we are working to make [all of LA Unified] that efficient.”

Melvoin said, “It was really about who could we get on the phone at 11 o’clock on a Saturday night, check the pool in the middle of the night, and make sure it was going to work.”

SpaceX engineers arrived early Sunday with the sub. Melvoin and Musk were on the phone with their respective teams throughout the hours of underwater testing.

“The SpaceX team had basically been awake for two days straight,” Holdorff said. “It was high pressure. It had to be tested once without anyone in the tube and once with a human being in the tube. They were so gracious to Pali,” said Holdorff, who fed the team from the farmers market held Sundays at the high school and whose son, an underwater photographer, documented the testing for SpaceX.

By mid-afternoon the sub was on a plane to Thailand, and the pool, which is used by local sports teams and the community, was reopened to the public.

But before the sub could be sent down into the caves, Thailand’s navy rescued the coach and remaining eight boys. Musk posted Monday on Twitter that the sub will remain in Thailand and will be named Wild Boar after the boys’ soccer team. “Leaving here in case it may be useful in the future. Thailand is so beautiful.”

As the rescue captivated the world’s attention, Melvoin said that at LA Unified, “we care for all kids wherever they are,” and that he hopes the district can continue to use its resources to help — as it did two weeks ago during a toy drive for immigrant children detained at the border. On Tuesday, the school board unanimously passed Melvoin’s resolution directing the district’s chief lobbyist to advocate for a permanent end to family separations and for the district to offer free legal services for those impacted by forcible separation. About 100 children separated from their parents are being held in the Los Angeles area.

“We had an asset that was helpful, and I hope this is the first of many times that we can use the district’s resources to help,” said Melvoin, who this week was appointed to a second term as vice president of the school board. He said the willingness of the director of operations and of district officials to work overnight to go over liabilities and make the pool available shows what can be done even in a district as big as LA Unified.

“I have been trying to build more efficiency within the district and cut some red tape,” Melvoin said. “There was no protocol here. We were just saying there’s a problem here, how do we solve it? And I hope that can be emblematic in future approaches that the district takes.”

He added, “It was very cool. I’m grateful to Pali. It was a nice experience and something fun for Pali’s students to share when they return from summer break.”

Because of Pali’s quick help, SpaceX has invited 30 Pali students and five faculty members to participate in its Hyperloop competition on July 22, Holdorff said.

“We hope our small part in a heroic effort will be of great help to rescue efforts in the future,” reads a Pali High Facebook post. “We’d like to extend a special thanks to SpaceX, Nick and Allison for reaching out to us.”

Go Deeper: This article is one in a series at The 74 that profiles the heroes, victories, success stories, and random acts of kindness found at schools all across America. Read more of our recent inspiring profiles at The74Million.org/series/inspiring.

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