VIDEO: Who Let the Dogs Out? How Therapy Dogs Are Aiding the Emotional Growth of Students
Of course, Grace is a black Labrador retriever, so no one reprimands her.
Grace and the two other dogs in class — a King Charles Cavalier spaniel named Magnus and a yellow Labrador retriever named Oliver who goes by Ollie — are part of A Fair Shake for Youth. A nonprofit that brings therapy dogs into schools, particularly schools in low-income neighborhoods that receive additional federal funding, A Fair Shake for Youth uses dogs like Grace, Magnus and Ollie to teach students empathy and social skills that will help them in and out of the classroom.
The group was founded in 2010 by Audrey Hendler, who previously had been bringing therapy dogs into prisons through Puppies Behind Bars. She realized, “Why wait?” when there was opportunity for dogs to make a positive emotional impact on children before they have a chance to become incarcerated.
At the Highbridge Green School, an academically struggling middle school in the Bronx, the 2015–16 school year was the first year A Fair Shake For Youth had a presence.
The 74 visited the school in early May, on the first day of the spring semester that the dogs were introduced to the class. A dozen seventh- and eighth-graders clustered around Grace and the other dogs, only half-listening to the teacher while stroking Grace’s sides and whispering questions rapid-fire to Grace’s handler:
“How fast can she run?”
“How old is she? Five? So that’s like … 35 in dog years!”
“Does she have a last name?”
A handful of the students seem more wary, and when it comes time to teach Grace and the others to “sit” and “stay,” their voices are barely audible. They are hesitant to pet the dogs.
Hendler chose to work with middle school students because, as she said, it’s such a critical age in social and emotional development. Hendler also focused specifically on high-poverty schools and students from struggling neighborhoods.
Working with the dogs improves how the students, many from unstable backgrounds, feel about themselves, she said.
“Even getting students to praise the dogs can be a challenge,” Hendler said, “if they aren’t used to receiving praise themselves.”
Alexandra Horowitz, a professor of psychology at Barnard College who has studied and written extensively on the subject of canine cognition and dog behavior, confirms the soothing effects dogs can have.
“There is a lot of great work introducing dogs to children of special populations … in order to ‘mediate’ social interactions,” she told The 74 via email, adding that there is science showing that “interacting with a dog has positive physiological effects on people — including lowering stress — which makes it easier to simply function.”
Hendler says the students can draw connections between the dogs and themselves. For example, if a dog is acting nervous, students work to make it more comfortable. Understanding how to soothe emotions in another being can allow them to apply what they learned to themselves and improve their interactions with their peers, she said.
Horowitz agrees with this hypothesis: “There is good reason to believe that the dog, who is so responsive to us, who times their behavior to ours, and who is good-spirited, is a good model with which to think about how to deal with other people.”
The 74 returned to Highbridge middle school a month later, and the difference in the students and their encounters with the dogs was palpable.
Jermaine Jackson, 13, said he saw a change in his classmates who used to be scared of dogs, and working with Grace, Magnus and Ollie helped him change how he interacted with his classmates.
“[The teachers] said dogs are treated how you want to be treated, so if you treat a dog nice they listen and hear you. It helps with my classmates too,” he said.
For Marlyn Delciuc, 12, working with Magnus — a smaller dog — helped her overcome her fear of dogs and also work on her own attention and reaction issues. “I learned how to control myself,” she says.
Realizing it would be the last day she’d get to see Magnus for the semester, Delciuc started to cry and went to say goodbye one last time.
Magnus, ever the therapy dog, wagged his tail as she petted him, soothing her sadness at their parting.
Support The 74's year-end campaign. Make a tax-exempt donation now.