As NY Lawmakers Mull Budget to Expand Charter Schools, Fears of Federal Cuts May Shift Political Alliances

Arne Duncan Makes Two Big Endorsements in L.A. School Board Race, Throws Support Behind Reformers

Our School’s Too White? Outraged Parents Vow to Lie About Child’s Race to Keep City From Removing Teachers

Ivanka Trump, Betsy DeVos Tout STEM Education to 200 Students at Air & Space Museum

Black Girls 6 Times as Likely to Be Suspended as Whites. ‘Let Her Learn’ Looks to Reverse the Trend

WATCH: 4,000 Kids Take Over NYC’s Radio City Music Hall With America’s Biggest Academic Pep Rally

Where Education Research, Politics & Policy Intersect: 3 States Reveal How Data Help Shape Their ESSA Plans

Tennessee Bets Big on Personalized Learning, Launching Pilot Program & Eyeing Big 2020 Goals

MUST-SEE: School Films Epic 12-Minute ‘Trolls’ Music Video to Lift Spirits of Sick 5-Year-Old Girl

In Uniting Students With Prospective Employers, the Whether Job Search App Wins SXSWedu Tech Competition

More HS Students Are Graduating, but These Key Indicators Prove Those Diplomas Are Worth Less Than Ever

Race & Class: Chicago Schools Sue State, Claim Minority Kids See 78 Cents Per Dollar Sent to White Schools

KIPP v. UFT: Charter Network Sues Union, Arguing It Doesn’t Represent School’s Teachers

Supreme Court Sets New Standard for Special Ed, Unanimously Rejects Minimal School Progress

D.C. Approves ESSA Accountability Plan That Emphasizes Testing Standards & Transparency

Q&A: Why Miami’s Superintendent, Once an Undocumented Immigrant, Is Banning ICE From His Schools

No Warrant, No Way In: NYC to Prevent ICE Agents From Entering Schools Without Warrants

In California, a New Push for Teacher Tenure Reform as State Bill Would Extend Probation to 3 Years

VIDEO REPLAY: The 74 Moderates a Conversation on America’s Misleading Charter School Narrative

In Pitching School Chiefs on ESSA Plans, 2 Congressmen See Wildly Different Futures for U.S. Education

Remedial Courses Come With Steep Price Tag — And Low-Income Students Aren’t The Only Ones Footing the Bill

April 6, 2016

Talking Points

Remedial college classes cost American families about $1.5 billion each year

Big ‘disconnect’ between perceptions of high school quality and college prep reality even for affluent students

Sign Up for Our Newsletter

Each year, students cram into lecture halls to take classes that won’t get them any closer to a college degree — shelling out $1.5 billion to learn concepts they should’ve mastered in high school.

One in four college freshmen who enroll in college directly after high school enroll in remedial classes. Remedial students who begin at four-year collegs are about 75 percent more likely to drop out of college — an issue both K-12 and higher education policy experts have been grappling with for years. Much of that research has focused on lower-income minority students who attend community colleges. But a report released Wednesday shows this student population is far from the full picture, pointing to an “expansive failure” of American K-12 schools in preparing all students for college.

Students from all socioeconomic backgrounds are left footing the bill, which includes a sizable $380 million in student loan debt, according to the report from the Washington, D.C.-based think tank Education Reform Now, an affiliate of the advocacy group Democrats for Education Reform. The report was commissioned by the education reform advocacy publication Education Post.

“This college affordability issue that dominates headlines every day, that crisis is really linked to the fate of high school reform and student achievement,” said co-author Mary Nguyen Barry. “There is a big disconnect between perceptions of high school quality and the reality of college preparation, and that stems even to those who come from middle-class and affluent backgrounds.”

Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders has made his promise of free higher education a staple in his bid for the White House while lawmakers on Capitol Hill have been working to address America’s ballooning student loan debt.

While 57 percent of students enrolled in remedial classes attend public community colleges, 43 percent attend a range of other institutions — four-year public or private colleges, two-year private programs and both for-profit and nonprofit schools. Additionally, almost half of the students who enroll in remedial courses come from middle- and upper-income families.  

The report, which based its findings on 2011-12 U.S. Department of Education data from the National Postsecondary Student Aid  and the Beginning Postsecondary Student surveys, is a call for states to address “academic underpreparation” at high schools that serve all income groups, said Michael Dannenberg, also a co-author and Education Reform Now’s director of strategic initiatives for policies.

“The problem is wider and deeper than most people think, and it’s hurting students’ chances of success at college, it’s costing families a sizeable amount of money out of pocket, and it’s making college a poor value proposition for many families,” Dannenberg said. “Too many kids are dropping out of college, and high school academic underperformance is a big ingredient.”



Wealthy students who enroll in remedial courses at private, nonprofit four-year universities take more remedial classes than low-income students. That trend, Dannenberg said, likely points to private colleges’ interest in driving enrollment numbers and tuition dollars. While freshmen pay $3,000 on average for remedial coursework in their first year of college, students who attend private, nonprofit four-year institutions pay an extra $12,000.

“For many colleges, admissions and financial aid are about revenue maximization and enrollment management first, and education second,” Dannenberg said. “What is likely happening is that private colleges are seeking out high-paying wealthy students even when they’re less academically qualified than low-income students.”

The report also made mention of the more rigorous Common Core State Standards, which both Education Post and Education Reform Now support, and the opt-out movement that has largely been dominated by affluent white students. Nguyen Barry said the movement to sit out standardized testing illustrates a “disconnect” between perceptions of high school quality and the reality of college preparation.

“We’ve seen over and over again that parents, by and large, think their own schools are doing well but think overall schools nationally are in need of reform,” she said. “We just worry that if that complacency builds or expands, it’s both going to hurt the pocketbooks of the upper middle-class and the wealthy, and it also impedes greater efforts to improve student preparation.”