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April 26, 2017

Talking Points

Order looks to modify or repeal Ed Department regs that overstep legal authority, White House says

Order “goes beyond ESSA,” which already limited Ed Dept K-12 authority

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President Donald Trump’s plan to sign an executive order requiring the U.S. Education Department to study and scale back the federal footprint in K-12 education came as no surprise to accountability hawks critical of the administration’s retreat and was encouraging news to conservatives, who say it can’t happen fast enough. 

Charles Barone, director of policy for Democrats for Education Reform, said no one needed an executive order to signal that Trump and Education Secretary Betsy DeVos would be backing away from “all kinds of things when it comes to the federal role in education.” He said that barely a week ago they announced they were moving away from federal oversight of the student loan industry. He charged the administraton with putting the interests of lenders above those of students and their families. 

“That’s like rooting for Darth Vader in a crowded showing of the Star Wars series,” Barone said in an email. “It’s hard to imagine it will get even more brazen than that, but I guess anything’s possible.”

DeVos and department employees will have 300 days to study regulations and guidance issued by the Obama administration to “confirm if they’re consistent or inconsistent with federal law,” Rob Goad, a senior White House adviser on education, told reporters Wednesday morning.

The order directs DeVos to modify or repeal any regulations and guidance where “D.C. has overstepped its legal authority,” Goad said.

Lindsey Burke, director of education policy studies for the Heritage Foundation, said the move was necessary and overdue. 

“It is long past time to review the regulations and red tape that are handed down from Washington that burden the day-to-day operations of local schools and the teachers who teach in them,” she said via email.

The executive order “delivers on [Trump’s] commitment to ensure education decisions are made by those closest to students,” Goad said. “President Trump has reaffirmed his commitment to getting the federal government out of the way.”

Text of the executive order, released Wednesday afternoon, said the review of regulations would focus specifically on “the curriculum or program of instruction of any elementary and secondary school and school system,” “school administration and personnel,” and “selection and content of library resources, textbooks, and instructional materials.”

The review will focus specifically on the Department of Education Organization Act, the General Education Provisions Act, and the Every Student Succeeds Act. 

Republicans in Congress throughout the Obama administration complained about what they saw as inappropriate executive overreach into state and local education decisions.

In particular, they criticized waivers granted from the strict accountability standards in No Child Left Behind and the Race to the Top grants, which required or incentivized states to adopt the Common Core State Standards, implement tough school turnaround plans, or tie teacher evaluations to student test scores, among other education reform proposals.

“The administration is correct to recognize that education is a state and local issue and that federal intervention has greatly exceeded Washington’s share in the funding of education,” Burke said. “The federal government funds just 10 percent of all education spending, yet is responsible, by some estimates, for more than 40 percent of the regulatory burden on states. This is a welcome review of that burdensome arrangement.”

A heavy federal role was supposed to be largely wiped out by ESSA, which contains an entire section of prohibitions — including barring the Education Department from mandating any state’s curriculum. It specifically says the department can’t dictate decisions on the Common Core, one of Trump’s top education targets on the campaign trail.

(The 74: Trump’s Education Paradox: Return Schools to Local Control — by Expanding Federal Power?)

Goad said the executive order “goes a step beyond ESSA by having a comprehensive review of all the guidance and regulations issued by the previous administration.”

Outside of the general K-12 education programs covered by ESSA, the department is also responsible for implementation of a host of education initiatives, including those serving students with disabilities, and enforcement of student privacy and civil rights protections in schools.

The Trump administration already repealed one major K-12 education guidance, the “Dear Colleague” letter from the Education and Justice departments requiring schools to allow transgender students to use locker rooms and bathrooms matching their gender identities.

(The 74: After Reported Opposition, DeVos Defends Ending Transgender Protections to Friendly CPAC Crowd)

“I don’t see how they could enforce much of anything even if they wanted to, given how sparsely they’re staffed at the moment,” Barone said. “I think I speak for many in saying we really look forward to reading the report and that it’s a bit surprising that they want to take the time to put it all on paper. That's a piñata everyone will want a swing at.”

(The 74: Meet the 9 New Staffers Tapped to Fill Key Roles in Secretary Betsy DeVos’s Department of Education)

The department will share its findings with the White House and produce a report at the end of its 300 days — in late February 2018.